Peripheral Nerve Syndromes

WHAT IS PERIPHERAL NERVE SYNDROMES

Peripheral nerve syndromes are a variety of neurological conditions which result from the compression of peripheral nerves in various areas of the body. These include:

  • Carpal Tunnel Syndrome
  • Ulnar Neuropathy
  • Meralgia Paraesthetica
  • Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome

In most cases, these nerves are compressed by overlying fibrous tissue, or as a result of scarring following trauma. Direct trauma to the nerve can also cause nerve damage and result in the symptoms described below. Occasionally, tumours or other rare causes may be responsible.

SYMPTOMS

Generally, patients with peripheral nerve syndromes experience pain, numbness, weakness, or a combination of these.

DIAGNOSIS

The diagnosis is usually made using nerve conduction studies. Nerve conduction studies are performed by our neurologists. Sometimes an MRI is also performed.

TREATMENT

Patients are initially treated with analgesic medication or splints (to reduce nerve irritation, particularly at night). For patients who do not experience any relief from these options surgery may be an option. In most cases, surgery involves carefully decompressing the nerve by cutting the overlying constrictive tissue.If the correct diagnosis is made, then surgery is usually successful in improving some or all of the symptoms.