What is hip dysplasia?
Hip dysplasia is a congenital condition in which the hip joint acetabulum (socket) is too shallow. This creates under-coverage of the femoral head (ball part of the hip joint). The weight-bearing portion of the hip becomes overloaded as it is increasingly focused on a small area.
Dysplasia can lead to hip instability, labral damage and early-onset arthritis.
Patients with untreated dysplasia may be at an increased risk for needing a hip replacement early in life.
what are the causes of dysplasia?
Dysplasia is a developmental condition and may be caused by:
-Injury or insult in utero or during early childhood
-Infection during in utero or during early child hood
-Position in the uterus
Risk Factors for hip dyplasia include:
-Large birth weight
-Family history of developmental dysplasia of the hip
what are the symptoms of hip dysplasia?
Symptoms of hip dysplasia
-Constant, achy pain
-Intermittent catching or locking
how is dysplasia treated?
Depending on the degree of congenital deformity, Dysplasia can be treated with hip arthroscopy alone or combined hip arthroscopy and periacetabular osteotomy (PAO).
Mild dysplasia can often be addressed arthroscopically by repairing a torn labrum and tightening the capsule around the joint.
Severe dysplasia can be treated with correction of the mechanical and bony deformity through a procedure called a periacetabular osteotomy (PAO).