Epilepsy, or seizures, refers to an electrical discharge in the brain which results in disturbance of movement, sensation, speech, behaviour or consciousness.
COMMON CAUSES OF EPILEPSY
- Brain tumours
- Hippocampal sclerosis
- Developmental abnormalities of the brain (for example, cortical dysplasia)
- Fever (in children)
- Brain trauma
The diagnosis of epilepsy is best made by an expert neurologist. An EEG, MRI and other diagnostic tests are performed.
Treatment of epilepsy almost always includes anticonvulsant (anti-seizure) medications. In some cases, surgery is required. This is best done by a neurosurgeon with experience in epilepsy surgery.
The surgical treatment of epilepsy generally involves the removal of the lesion (for example tumour) or portion of the brain generating the seizures.